Melasma is a common skin condition that involves chronic and relapsing hyper-pigmentation. It is extremely common in Indians, occurring both in females and males, though there is a higher incidence in females.
It occurs as bilaterally symmetrical and well-demarcated brown patches on the areas of cheeks, nose, jawline, around the upper lip.
Main causative factors include:
Treatment of melasma at our clinic is customized to each patient. Dr. Neha Sharma, the best dermatologist in Gurgaon, believes in first identifying the cause, eliminating the triggering factors and then proceeding to the treatment.
Different options for treatments are available which depends on the suitability and type of pigmentation.
There are available options such as:
Following precautions can go a long way to minimize recurrences:
Sun exposure is the main cause of melasma. Other causes include Pills for birth control, pregnancy, and hormone therapy, few anti anxiety medications and thyroid disorders.
If the melasma occurred because of hormonal changes like those in pregnancy or due to birth control pills, it will fade after stoppage of the pills or after deliver.
While in other cases melasma can be quite stubborn and may last for years. In some cases, it can be permanent as well. If the discoloration does not fade away then it would be better to seek treatment.
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