Melasma is a common skin condition that involves chronic and relapsing hyper-pigmentation. It is extremely common in Indians, occurring both in females and males, though there is a higher incidence in females.
It occurs as bilaterally symmetrical and well-demarcated brown patches on the areas of cheeks, nose, jawline, around the upper lip.
These are the patterns of Melasma depending on their location
Melasma is due to increase in the amount of pigment melanin in your skin and the various causes that can lead to this are:
Types of Melasma
With such great variations in presentation, Melasma Treatment at our clinic is customized to each patient. Dr. Neha Sharma, the best dermatologist in Gurgaon, believes in first identifying the cause, eliminating the triggering factors, figuring out the type of melasma and then proceeding to the treatment which would suit your skin type
Different options for treatments are available which depends on the suitability and type of pigmentation.
There are available options such as:
Following precautions can go a long way to minimize recurrences:
Sun exposure is the main cause of melasma. Other causes include Pills for birth control, pregnancy, and hormone therapy, few anti anxiety medications and thyroid disorders.
If the melasma occurred because of hormonal changes like those in pregnancy or due to birth control pills, it will fade after stoppage of the pills or after deliver.
While in other cases melasma can be quite stubborn and may last for years. In some cases, it can be permanent as well. If the discoloration does not fade away then it would be better to seek treatment.