ACNE VULGARIS TREATMENT

Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which runs a chronic course and presents with inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions chiefly on the face but can also occur on the upper arms, trunk, and back. Our Dermatologist, Dr. Neha is recommended as the best doctor for acne treatment in Gurgaon. Acne is a common affliction in adolescence and is a growing problem in young females. The majority of 11 to 30-year-old people suffer from acne, though there is a predisposition for younger males. Adult female acne that is above 24 years of age is referred to as Hormonal acne.

Acne poses a problem not only because of its active lesions which can involve other areas of the body besides face such as back, arms chest, thighs but also because of the residual hyperpigmentation scars.

Pathogenesis of Acne:
  1. Hyperkeratinization- Abnormal shedding and rapid proliferation of dead skin cells. These dead skin cells end up clogging the opening of the oil glands. This leads to accumulation of sebum in the sebaceous glands (oil glands). Increased oil gland secretion / sebaceous gland secretion.
  2. Increased oil gland secretion / sebaceous gland secretion.
  3. Propionibacterium acnes - The increased activity of sebaceous glands elicited by androgen causes proliferation of P. acnes, an anaerobe present within the retained sebum in the pilosebaceous ducts. It produces several biologically active mediators that may contribute to inflammation
  4. Inflammation – This precedes or occurs post the action of P.acnes since it releases various mediators known to contribute to inflammation. This leads to the formation of whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts.
Various aggravating factors for acne include:

  • Hormones – Conditions that cause hormonal imbalance like PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease), Premenstrual flare
  • Genetics
  • Cosmetics
  • Diet – High Glycemic index containing food like dairy products (which also contain hormones), junk food, and chocolates which cause increase in insulin-like growth factors that stimulate follicular epidermal hyperproliferation
  • Tobacco
  • Stress
  • Drugs
There are various types of presentation of acne
  • Grade 1: Comedones. They are of two types, open and closed. Closed comedones (whiteheads) are due to keratin and sebum plugging the pilosebaceous orifice below the skin surface. They appear as white circular spots. Open comedones (blackheads) are due to plugging of the pilosebaceous orifice by sebum on the skin surface. They appear as black colored spots.
  • Grade 2: Inflammatory lesions presenting as a papule. Papules are small tender red bumps.
  • Grade 3: Pustules are formed when a papule gets filled with pus. They are tender, larger than a papule with whitish and yellowish pus inside.
  • Grade 4: Many pustules coalesce to form nodules and cysts. Nodules are present deep inside the skin and present as large, solid and painful lumps. Cysts are very large pus-filled painful lumps present again deep inside the skin. Nodules and cysts tend to leave scars.

Management of acne depends on severity. For mild acne, we can use topicals like benzoyl peroxide, and retinoids. For moderate acne, we will include oral antibiotics since Propionibacterium acne plays an important role in pathogenesis. Oral Retinoids are required for severe acne.

Chemical Peels along with topical and oral management helps in controlling the active acne and residual pigmentation.

Instant Power Radiance involves both physical and chemical exfoliation along with LED light therapy which imparts anti bacterial properties to this treatment

The approach to treatment of acne scarring involves both a comprehensive physical exam of the patient and a discussion regarding patient goals, concerns, and tolerance of various treatment options. Considerations include the presence of erythema and the type, depth, and location of scarring

For acne scars, we, Estique Clinic have the Best Dermatologist in Gurgaon For Acne, offer various modalities like

  1. LASERS
  2. Fractional Non-Ablative.
    Ablative.
  3. Radiofrequency Microneedling.
  4. Dermarollers.
The results are further enhanced with combining these modalities with PRP ( Platelet rich plasma)

Top Skin Specialist in Gurgaon
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Best dermatologist in gurgaon for acne

ACNE TREATMENT IN GURGAON

There seems to be no one factor that causes acne. Acne can occur due to hormonal changes, dietary factors, genetics, stress, certain medications and various other factors.

Non-inflammatory in the form of open or closed comedones, and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules are characterized by acne vulgaris. Acne vulgaris typically affects skin areas with the densest sebaceous follicle population; these areas include the face, upper chest, and back.
Acne is a long-term disease and can take anywhere from months to years to resolve. Starting early medications along with figuring out the underlying cause is the key to stop recurrence and prevent permanent scarring. Untreated acne usually takes around 4-5 years to settle down on its own.
High glycemic index diet, increased sugar intake, processed food, excessive oil can all exacerbate acne.
Treatment for acne is planned after figuring out the exact cause of Acne in an individual. According to the severity we decide the topicals (like benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, antibiotics) and the oral medications (oral antibiotics, retinoids). The duration of treatment can vary from 6 months till 1 year. Chemical peels help in both active Acne as well as brown pigmentation.
Constantly touching acne and bursting pimples can lead to permanent blemishes scarring on face.
Open pores and pits are residual scars of Acne. No cream can help with pits on the face. They require surface remodeling with Radiofrequency Microneedling or LASERS. The results achieved are always permanent.
Starting the oral and topical medications on time, dietary interventions and treating the cause can stop the eruptions fast. Also, our treatment Instant Power radiance which includes microdermabrasion followed by chemical peel helps giving a crystal-clear skin free of pimples and blemishes.
Hormonal acne requires proper investigations to know the accurate diagnosis. Most common cause of Hormonal Acne is PCOD – Polycystic Ovarian Disease. Exercise, dietary modifications plus combination of anti-acne and hormonal medications help in clearing acne.
Chemical peels help in faster clearing of acne. They are combined with oral and topical medications. Dr. Neha Sharma is one of the leading acne specialist in Gurgaon and has treated patients from all over the world complaning acne problem.

DR NEHA SHARMA

Medical and Cosmetic Dermatologist and well renowned as the Best Dermatologist in Gurgaon, has formerly practised in prestigious Hospitals such as VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital (New Delhi) and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS, New Delhi). She has done teo superspecializtions - Fellowship in LASERS and Dermatology from National Skin Centre , Singapore and Fellowship in Aesthetic Dermatology from Bangkok. She has a total experience of 11 years and has treated over 20000 patients.
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