Eczema results in rough, dry, irritated, cracked, red, and inflamed skin.
Real causes of eczema remain unknown, but certain triggers that aggravate the condition are:
- Harsh soaps and detergents.
- Dust, smoke, pollen.
- Animal dander and saliva.
- Dry skin.
- Certain foods such as nuts and dairy.
- Rough scratchy materials like wool
Eczema can be classified as endogenous (when arising from internal factors like Atopic Dermatitis) and exogenous (caused due to external factors like Allergic contact dermatitis).
Some of the different types of Eczema include:
- Atopic Dermatitis– begins early, initially present on cheeks and flexures and later spreads to involve the entire body. Hampers the quality of life.
- Allergic Contact Dermatitis– body develops an immune reaction to the repeated exposure to an allergen.
- Irritant contact Dermatitis– occurs with the use of excessive toxic or washing substances.
- Stasis Dermatitis – commonly seen on the lower legs of patients having varicose veins.
- Pompholyx– presents as tiny blisters on hands and feet.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis– It has an association with oil glands. It occurs in areas around the nose, behind the ears, and eyebrows.
To treat Eczema, we first believe in eliminating the triggering factor. Topical treatments like topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors are helpful.
Dr. Neha’s approach often includes incorporation of various lifestyle tips to prevent the recurrences.