Acne is a common affliction in the adolescence and is a growing problem in young females. Majority of 11 to 30-year-old people suffer from acne, though there is a predisposition for younger males. Adult female acne that is above 24 years of age is referred to as Hormonal acne.
Acne poses a problem not only because of its active lesions which can involve other areas of the body besides face such as back, arms chest, thighs but also because of the residual hyperpigmentation scars.
Various aggravating factors for acne include:
Hormones – conditions which cause hormonal imbalance like PCOD(Polycystic Ovarian Disease)
- Diet – High Glycemic index containing foods
Management of acne depends on severity. For mild acne, we can use topicals like benzoyl peroxide, and retinoids. For moderate acne, we will include oral antibiotics since Propionibacterium acne plays an important role in pathogenesis. Oral Retinoids are required for severe acne.
Chemical Peels along with topical and oral management helps in controlling the active acne and residual pigmentation.