Acne is a common affliction in the adolescence and is a growing problem in young females. Adult female acne, that is above 24 years of age, is referred to as Hormonal acne.
Acne poses a problem not only because of its active lesions which can involve other areas of the body besides face such as back, arms chest, thighs but also because of the residue scars and pigmentation.
Various aggravating factors for acne include:
- Hormones – conditions which cause hormonal imbalance like PCOD(Polycystic Ovarian Disease)
- Diet – High Glycemic index containing foods
Management of acne depends on severity. For mild acne we can use topicals like benzoyl peroxide, and retinoids. For moderate acne, we will include oral antibiotics since Propionibacterium acne plays an important role in pathogenesis. Oral Retinoids are required for severe acne. Chemical Peels are also proven to be effective for the acne treatment as well as the scars that acne left behind.