Rosacea is a common, chronic skin condition associated with redness and increased visibility of fine blood vessels on the face. The central part of the face is most commonly affected with maximum redness seen on cheeks, forehead, and nose.
Exact causes remain unknown, but it could be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
Various triggering factors include:
- Hot and spicy food
- Extreme temperature
- Emotional stress, anxiety.
Rosacea is more common in females than males, and it is less common in pigmented skin.
Four types of Rosacea are:
- Ocular Rosacea– red, irritated eye. Swollen eyelids
- Erythemotelangiectatic Rosacea– redness and flushing on cheeks along with prominent blood vessels.
- Papulopustular Rosacea– acne-like breakouts along with redness and swelling.
- Phymatous Rosacea– a thick bumpy appearance of skin.
Combination of medical treatment along with lifestyle changes often give the best results. Treatment choices are different for different skin types and different types of Rosacea. Various modalities of treatment include Anti-bacterial agents, oral and topical anti-inflammatory medications, retinoids, Pulsed Dye Laser and Intense Pulse light therapies.