Melasma is a common skin condition that involves chronic and relapsing hyper-pigmentation. It is extremely common in Indians, occurring both in females and males, though there is a higher incidence in females.
It occurs as bilaterally symmetrical and well-demarcated brown patches on the areas of cheeks, nose, jawline, around the upper lip.
Main causative factors include:
- Sun exposure
- Birth control pills
- Genetic predisposition
- Thyroid disorders
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Anti-seizure medications
- Pregnancy – blotchy spots of darker skin appear, a condition known as chloasma or mask of pregnancy.
Treatment of melasma at our clinic is customized to each patient. Dr. Neha Sharma believes in first identifying the cause, eliminating the triggering factors and then proceeding to the treatment.
Different options for treatments are available which depends on the suitability and type of pigmentation. There are available options such as:
- Chemical peels aim to uniform the skin.
- Laser technique by employing the use of lasers to treat vascularity and pigmented lesions. The laser procedure is performed by emitting controlled light energy to the treatment area.
- Active ingredients in the form of topical creams for pigment suppression.
Following precautions can go a long way to minimize recurrences:
- Limiting sun-exposure.
- Using a medicated sunscreen.
- Wearing a hat when outside.